The complex reality of the Middle East requires Israel to work proactively and formulate a sophisticated and graduated policy, incorporating a multilateral regional dialogue, bilateral negotiations with the Palestinians, and independent steps to shape the nation’s borders – all the while ensuring the security of its citizens. Such an initiative would allow progress on each of the channels by achieving interim steps and transitional periods designed to advance a partial settlement and the reality of two nation states. Israel’s next government should announce its intention to reach political settlements and promote normalization with neighboring countries. It should revisit initiatives such as the Roadmap and the Arab Peace Initiative, first proposed over twelve years ago, which can serve – with modifications – as the framework for regional talks.
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